The Bujang Raba Community PES project conserves endangered primary rainforest in Sumatra's Bukti Barisan forest through a REDD+ intervention programme. The project involves 5 indigenous communities in protecting tropical mountainous forests.


Benefits that Bujang Raba provides



Start date 2013
Coordinator KKI WARSI
Activities Avoided deforestation
Participants 934 households
PVCs issued to-date 303,280
PVCs approved for future issuance 162,460



The detail

The area is managed by communities under a 'Hutan Desa' programme which recognises and secures land tenure and allows community members to sustainably manage the forest. Moreover, by engaging local communities in protecting their local forest, the project actively plays a part in reducing forest fires, illegal poaching and unsustainable harvesting of timber and non-timber forest products.

Over 5,339 ha of primary forest will be protected by the participating communities, leading to a net carbon benefit of approximately 40,000 tCO2 per year. The Bujang Raba project site is rich in biodiversity and is home to threatened species and other species of high conservation value. These species include the Malayan Tapir (Tapirus indicus), Sun Bear (Helarctos malayanus), and the critically endangered Sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae).

The project has also initiated a number of activities to diversify income for participating communities by introducing high value crops such as cardamom, cocoa, and other NTFPs that can be integrated into smallholder agroforestry plots. The project will also work with community members to build bamboo and rattan processing capacities to open up other income streams.


The documents




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SDG details

See how the project provides benefits beyond carbon and contributes to the UN Sustainable Development Goals:

Sustainable Development Goal How the project contributes
  • Empowers local communities by strengthening land tenure rights and establishing the first formally recognised Village Forests in Indonesia.
  • Income diversification through agroforestry and development of ecotourism, where local people can generate income as tour guides and through provision of food and lodging.
  • Encourages production and marketing of local hand crafts made using sustainably harvested non-timber forest products.
  • Secondary forests are designated as utilization zones where smallholders practice various agroforestry systems, establishing food and high value cash crops such as cocoa, cardamom and cinnamon under rubber, fruit and timber trees.
  • Agroforestry provides an additional source of income for smallholders, relieves extractive pressure on primary forests and provides food security for local communities.
  • Women's co-operatives run micro-enterprises involving traditional foods, handi-crafts and credit unions.
  • Committment to ensuring 30% representation by women on Village Forest committees.
  • Capacity building for women's groups, giving a space for women to voice their ideas.
  • Addresses the main drivers of local deforestation by providing alternatives to the conversion of primary forest for oil palm and rubber plantations, illegal logging, agricultural expansion and coal mining.
  • Secures tenure rights and organised Village Forest Councils implement detailed forest management plans helping communities to resist external pressure for access to their land.
  • Promotes the use of Micro-spatial Plans as guidelines for village development programme, based on conservation planning.
  • Protects over 5,000 hectares of primary rainforest, home to many endangered flora and fauna.
  • Forest patrols monitor forest cover, biodiversity and signs of forest encroachment and forest fire.
  • Sustainable Forest Management is based on local traditional knowledge and practices which prevent soil erosion from uploadn areas and protects water catchments.