The Sofala Community Carbon project was an innovative sustainability project working with forest communities in the buffer zones of Gorongosa and Marromeu National Parks in central Mozambique that improved rural livelihoods, habitat restoration, forest management and conservation of biodiversity.


Registration date 2007
Completion date 2015
Coordinator Envirotrade
Activities Agroforestry
Avoided deforestation
Participants supported
2,799 smallholder families
PVCs issued



The detail

The project has implemented agroforestry activities as well as interventions that have resulted in avoided deforestation.

The project enabled individuals and companies to effectively invest in new forests and agroforestry. By becoming trained crop farmers, local people contributed significantly to their own environments whilst securing regular income and stable, sustainable food supplies. The revival of agroforestry among impoverished communities generated crops that enriched rather than exhausted their fragile forest soils.

The project seeked to link the establishment and protection of carbon stocks to sustainable development by using carbon revenues to kickstart small commercial enterprises. Moreover, the project offered protection to African wildlife. The Sofala project also has extended farming and capacity-building to project participants, and had a strong focus on diversifying farmers’ income streams

The project trained smallholders in the sustainable farming of important cash crops, which most farmers then incorporated into their plantings. This not only contributed to improving food security for themselves, but also enabled them to access additional income streams.  




Project documentation

 Please note that the Sofala project was registered to the 2008 version of the Plan Vivo Standard.

Type Documents

Project Design Document (PDD)
What is this?

Technical Specifications
What are these?

Annual Reports
What are these?
Audit Reports
What are these?
Registration Certificate
Additional Documentation



Explanation of document types

Type What is this?

Project Design Document (PDD)

Describes the project context, including the:

  • Environmental and social contexts
  • Participating community and their involvement in project design and governance
  • Wider governance structure
  • Interventions
  • Expected benefits

Technical Specifications

Describes the technical matters of the project, including the:

  • Carbon/climate-benefit models
  • Monitoring plan
  • Risk assessment

NB. Technical specifications registered under an older version of Plan Vivo Standard, and that are no longer applied, may not include all of the points listed above.

Annual Reports

Provides an update on the project covering the previous monitoring year, including the following information:

  • Successes and challenges
  • Project expansion and recruitment
  • An issuance request (if applicable)
  • Monitoring data
  • Plan Vivo Certificate sales data
  • Operating costs
Audit Reports

Plan Vivo projects are audited by third-party validators/verifiers to ensure that they are of the highest quality. There are two types of audits:

  • Validation – Takes place before project registration to ensure that the project conforms to the Plan Vivo Standard and has been created from the bottom-up with community participation.
  • Verification – Takes place every 5 years after registration to ensure that the Plan Vivo Certificates issued are a fair representation of the climate benefits achieved, and that the project continues to conform to the Plan Vivo Standard.