Projects must: 

  1. Enable and empower communities to plan and take control of their resources in a sustainable way that promotes rural livelihoods and other environmental and social co-benefits; 

  1. Be able to generate ecosystem service benefits through one or more of the following project interventions: 

  1. Ecosystem restoration – Enabling the recovery of an ecosystem which has been degraded, damaged or destroyed. This is done by re-establishing the structure, productivity and species diversity that was previously present in the areas. 

  1. Ecosystem rehabilitation – Assisting the recovery of an ecosystem which has been degraded, damaged or destroyed by repairing processes, productivity and services, but without re-establishing pre-existing structures. For example, inter-planting native tree species on degraded agriculture land to restore soil functions. 

  1. Conservation of ecosystem– Protecting an ecosystem from degradation or conversion. An example would be preventing deforestation by reducing agricultural expansion into forest land. 

  1. Be additional, not liable to cause leakage; 

  1. Provide foundations for permanence, creating livelihood benefits that go beyond the project life time; 

  1. Promote the restoration or protection of native or naturalised species.