Governance and documentation Project validation/verification Validation & Verification Validation The validation process is to ensure that the on-ground implementation of the project is reflective of the PDD and adheres to the Plan Vivo Standard. For more information on validation, please read these read the Project Validation Guidance documentation. Verification Verifiers assess a project's continued performance against the Plan Vivo Standard and achievement of expected emissions reductions. Verification is required within 5 years of project registration and at least every 5 years thereafter. Verifiers are chosen by projects but must be approved by the Plan Vivo Foundation. Approval of Verifiers and Validators The Plan Vivo Foundation will approve verifiers and validators who: Have appropriate experience and expertise in community-based Payments for Ecosystem Service projects; Have documented experience in verifying GHG reductions and using sustainability metrics; Are accredited to an appropriate land-use scope by an appropriate authority such as the CDM, FSC, or by an IAF member to ISO14065 (not applicable for local validators) Any prospective Validation & Verification Body (VVB) may contact Plan Vivo and request a VVB application form. Approved Validation & Verification Bodies Under the Plan Vivo system, projects are independently validated by third party experts before a project is registered. Verifications of registered Plan Vivo projects should take place at least every 5 years, in accordance with requirements outlined in the Plan Vivo Standard. The purpose of project verification is to ensure periodic, thorough, independent assessments of project design and implementation against the Plan Vivo Standard. Through these assessments, approved Validation and Verification Bodies (VVBs) confirm that project activities are described as stated in PDDs, that project partners have sufficient capacity to implement the project's objectives successfully, and that the ecosystem service benefits, e.g. emissions reductions, are being achieved as envisaged. Where a project is not meeting any particular requirement(s) under the Standard, corrective actions (CARs) with defined timescales will be imposed and progress against these monitored. Cost and fees of verification will vary based on project size, scope and many other variables. It is recommended to start planning for verifications several months (6 months is advised) in advance of the desired verification visit. Projects may also contact the Foundation to request approval of additional VVBs, which will be assessed on an individual basis by the Technical Advisory Committee. The Plan Vivo Foundation currently authorises the following organisations to conduct project verifications: Organisation Information The Spanish Association for Standardisation and Certification, AENOR (Asociación Española de Normalización y Certificación) is a non-profit private association. Website:www.aenor.esEmail: [email protected]Phone: +34 91 432 60 00Fax: +34 91 310 49 76 AddressAsociación Española de Normalización y CertificaciónGénova, 6ES-28004 Madrid Aster Global (recently acquiring Environmental Services Inc.) is a progressive leader in the development and provision of services within the international greenhouse gas (GHG) ecosystem services, carbon sequestration, and GHG validation and verification markets. From the small, forest service management company to the largest timber growers in the world, and from entrepreneurs forging new technologies in carbon sequestration to City, County, State, and Country governments, Aster Global provides services to a wide array of commercial, governmental, and social organizations seeking to create creditable projects and products. Website: www.asterglobal.comEmail: [email protected]Phone: (+1)330-294-1242 Head office address3800 Clermont St NW,North Lawrence,OH 44666,United States With its foundation in agriculture, Control Union Certifications has focused its efforts in developing services around the sustainability of the industry's supply chains which feed into the food, feed, forestry, biomass, bioenergy, social compliance and textiles markets. With 'boots on the ground' in more than 70 countries, Control Union Certifications is uniquely placed to manage challenges with today's global marketplace. Website: certifications.controlunion.com/enEmail: [email protected] Office address & phone number depends on the office location. Offices can be viewed here. EPIC Sustainability’s headquarters are located in India, a global award winning team of more than one hundred technical resources able to deliver quality services in all major languages across the globe. Website: http://www.epicsustainability.comEmail: [email protected] or [email protected] or [email protected]Phone: +91-9482759072 AddressEPIC Sustainability Services Pvt. Ltd.No. 41, Anugraha, First Cross Road, Sundar Nagar,Near BEL Circle, Bengaluru – 560054Karnataka State, India. GHD is one of the world’s leading professional services companies operating in global market sectors of water, energy and resources, environment, property and buildings, and transportation. GHD has 200+ offices across a connected global network, operating across five continents. Website: www.ghd.comEmail: [email protected]Phone: +1 519-340-3952 (Canada) or +61 418 200 513 (Australia) Head office address455 Phillip St. Unit #100AWaterlooOntarioCanadaN2L 3X2 SCS Global Services (SCS) is a global leader in third-party certification, auditing, testing services, and standards. Established as an independent third-party certification firm in 1984, our goal is to recognize the highest levels of performance in environmental protection and social responsibility in the private and public sectors, and to stimulate continuous improvement in sustainable development. Website: www.scsglobalservices.comEmail: [email protected](Christie Pollet-Young, Director, Greenhouse Gas Verification) Head office address2000 Powell Street, Suite 600, Emeryville, CA 94608 US N.B. Rainforest Alliance discontinued their auditing services in September 2017.