Aik Bual (Lombok) – Indonesia


The Aik Bual project on the island of Lombok is coordinated by Fauna & Flora International (FFI) and focuses on 100 ha of Aik Bual forest in the upstream area of Renggung sub-watershed. The forests have been subject to severe illegal logging due to agricultural expansion and cultivation of, e.g., coffee, cocoa, banana, and maize.

Although the government has invested in reforestation projects there has been limited success due to lacking community support and the focus on planting hardwood species (e.g. mahogany, dalbergia), which has failed to integrate local community needs for non-timber forest products and space for agricultural crops.

In Aik Bual area, the upper part of the Renggung watershed, the project has been developing agroforestry within the framework of biodiversity and ecosystem services as the main focus. This includes supporting NTFP (Non Timber Forest Products) tree planting, assisting in securing the (Hutan Kemasyarakatan) [HKm] community forestry permit, and field research. The ex-post project will contribute to carbon sequestration of about 1,823.47 tCO2 per year.

The project has been implemented with funding from the British American Tobacco Biodiversity Partnership, Fauna & Flora International in collaboration with Mataram University and local NGO Transform which have all provided technical assistance in improving land management of the Renggung watershed, Central Lombok district. It has been developed according to the principles laid out under the Plan Vivo Standard and is pending registration (est. Q2 2016).


Biodiversity Benefits

In addition to habitat protection for local flora and fauna, the project will conserve and improve soils resulting in decreased levels of erosion and sedimentation, increased water infiltration and improved soil fertility. Moreover, there will be better availability of water resources and an increase in ground and surface water.

Livelihoods Benefits

With improved land management activities, local communities will be able to diversify their income streams and benefit from increased productivity of agricultural lands. This will contribute to overall poverty alleviation in the area and improve the well-being of farmers and community members in the area. As part of the project, smallholders will also receive training sessions to build their capacity resulting in strengthened human resources and environmental stewardship.



Location: Lombok, Indonesia

Area under Management: 100 ha

Project Intervention: Agroforestry

Participants: 300 smallholder farmers


PIN accepted December 2012

PDD approved

Pending Registration (est. Q4 2019).


Coordinator: Fauna & Flora International (FFI)