2. Participants Plan Vivo projects operate with smallholders and/or communities. More-specifically, producers in the project must be: Small-scale farmers, land-users or forest dwellers with recognised land tenure or user rights, whether as an individual (i.e. smallholder) or collectively as a community (see requirements 4 & 5); Organised, or in the process of being organised, into cooperatives, associations, community-based organisations or other organisational forms able to contribute to the social and economic development of their members and communities and democratically controlled by the members; and Able to use existing farmland, forest, woodland or other land type for project activities without undermining livelihood needs. Producers should also not be structurally dependent on permanently hired labour, and should manage their land mainly with their own and their family’s labour force.