This page contains recent research on Plan Vivo and specific Plan Vivo Projects. This list is by no means exhaustive – if you know of any research you think should be included please let us know.

Plan Vivo

Lessons from community-based payment for ecosystem service schemes: from forests to rangelands. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 367(1606), 3178-3190
Estrada, M. (2011). Standards and methods available for estimating project-level REDD+ carbon benefits: reference guide for project developers. CIFOR Working Paper, (52)
Orrego, J. (2005). The Plan Vivo experience with carbon service provision and the potential lessons for watershed service projects. International Institute for Environment and Development, London, UK and ECCM, Edinburgh, UK


Milne, E., Neufeldt, H., Rosenstock, T., Smalligan, M., Cerri, C. E., Malin, D.,F & Paustian, K. (2013). Methods for the quantification of GHG emissions at the landscape level for developing countries in smallholder contexts.Environmental Research Letters, 8(1), 015019.


Aguilar Rodriguez, A. (2012). Building networks in the Climate Change Convention: co-ordination failure in the establishment of Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) in Mexico (Doctoral dissertation, University of Manchester)
Caplow, S., Jagger, P., Lawlor, K., & Sills, E. (2011). Evaluating land use and livelihood impacts of early forest carbon projects: Lessons for learning about REDD+. Environmental Science & Policy, 14(2)
Osborne, T. M. (2011). Carbon forestry and agrarian change: access and land control in a Mexican rainforest. Journal of Peasant Studies, 38(4)
Paladino, S. (2011). Tracking the Fault Lines of Pro‐Poor Carbon Forestry.Culture, Agriculture, Food and Environment, 33(2)
Schroth, G., da Mota, M. D. S. S., Hills, T., Soto-Pinto, L., Wijayanto, I., Arief, C. W., & Zepeda, Y. (2011). Linking carbon, biodiversity and livelihoods near forest margins: the role of agroforestry. In Carbon Sequestration Potential of Agroforestry Systems (pp. 179-200). Springer Netherland
Corbera E, Brown K, 2010, Offsetting benefits? Analyzing access to forest carbon. Environment and Planning A 42(7) 1739-1761
Osborne, T M. (2010) Carbon Capital: The Political Ecology of Carbon Forestry and Development in Chiapas, Mexico
Soto-Pinto, L., Anzueto, M., Mendoza, J., Ferrer, G. J., & de Jong, B. (2010). Carbon sequestration through agroforestry in indigenous communities of Chiapas, Mexico. Agroforestry Systems, 78(1)
Del Rio, P., & Bennett, J. (2003). Estimating the costs of atmospheric carbon reductions in Mexico. Environmental Management & Development Occasional Paper 03. Canberra, ACT: National Centre for Development Studies, The Australian National University
Haggar, J., Medina, B., Aguilar, R. M., & Munoz, C. (2013). Land Use Change on Coffee Farms in Southern Guatemala and its Environmental Consequences.
Cortina-Villar, S., Plascencia-Vargas, H., Vaca, R., Schroth, G., Zepeda, Y., Soto-Pinto, L., & Nahed-Toral, J. (2012). Resolving the conflict between ecosystem protection and land use in protected areas of the Sierra Madre de Chiapas, Mexico


Barbir, J., & Leal, W. (2012). Socio-Environmental Evaluation of Drip Irrigation System Implementation as a Climate Change Adaptation Measure Within the N’hambita Community Carbon Project Area, Mozambique
Jindal, R., Kerr, J. M., & Carter, S. (2012). Reducing Poverty Through Carbon Forestry? Impacts of the N’hambita Community Carbon Project in Mozambique.World Development, 40(10)
Palmer, C., & Silber, T. (2012). Trade-offs between carbon sequestration and rural incomes in the N’hambita Community Carbon Project, Mozambique.Land use policy29(1), 83-93
Caplow, S., Jagger, P., Lawlor, K., & Sills, E. (2011). Evaluating land use and livelihood impacts of early forest carbon projects: Lessons for learning about REDD+. Environmental Science & Policy
Ryan, C. M., Williams, M., & Grace, J. (2011). Above‐and Belowground Carbon Stocks in a Miombo Woodland Landscape of Mozambique. Biotropica, 43(4), 423-432.Grace, J., Ryan, C. M., Williams, M., Powell, P., Goodman, L., & Tipper, R. (2010)
Williams, M., Ryan, C. M., Rees, R. M., Sambane, E., Fernando, J., & Grace, J. (2008). Carbon sequestration and biodiversity of re-growing miombo woodlands in Mozambique. Forest Ecology and Management, 254(2), 145-155

Trees for Global Benefits

Shames, S., Wollenberg, E., Buck, L. E., Kristjanson, P., Masiga, M., & Biryahwaho, B. (2012). Institutional innovations in African smallholder carbon projects. CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security.Carter, S. (2009)
Socio-Economic Benefits In Plan Vivo Projects: Trees For Global Benefits, Uganda. Plan Vivo Foundation and ECOTRUST
Stringer, L. C., Dougill, A. J., Mkwambisi, D. D., Dyer, J. C., Kalaba, F. K., & Mngoli, M. (2012). Challenges and opportunities for carbon management in Malawi and Zambia. Carbon Management, 3(2)