What are technical specifications?

Improved Land Management

Improved Land Use & Management

  • 'Small-Holder Agriculture Monitoring and Baseline Assessment' methodology:
  • Project Examples:

  • Pastures, Conservation and Climate Change, Mongolia

  • Afforestation/
  • Find more on Afforestation & Reforestation here
  • Project Examples:

  • Trees for Global Benefit: Mixed Native Woodlot
  • CommuniTree Mixed Species
  • Agroforestry
  • Find out more about Agroforestry here
  • Project Examples:

  • Trees of Hope
  • Communitree
  • Sofala
  • Scolel'te
  • Emiti Nibwo Bulora
  • Forest Restoration,
    Assisted Natural Generation
  • Find out more about ANR here
  • Project Examples:

  • Khasi Hills Technical Specification
  • Hiniduma Bio-Link Forest Restoration
  • Scolel'te Subtropical Forest Restoration
  • Blue Carbon,
    & Mangroves

    Project Examples:

  • Mikoko Pamoja Mangove Conservation
  • Rapid Loss of Surface Elevation in Cut Mangroves

  • Plan Vivo Approved Approaches


    Find more guidance on Plan Vivo's approach to Additionality.

    Reference Emission Levels

    Find Guidance on estimating reference emission levels (relevant to REDD+ and avoided deforestation).

    Accounting for Leakage (Guidance Document)

    More information on Plan Vivo's Approach to accounting for leakage.

    Setting the Risk Buffer (Guidance Document)

    More guidance on assessing risk and setting the risk buffer can be found here.

    External Guidance Documents

    PES Payments and Tools
  • Morrison, A. and Aubrey, W. (2010), Payments for Ecosystem Services: A review of lessons learned, and a framework for assessing PES feasibility. WWF publication. Download here.
  • PRESA tools library: http://delicious.com/PRESA/tools

  • Katoomba tools library: http://www.katoombagroup.org
  • Methodological Guidance
    Developing baselines (Afforestation, Reforestation, Agroforestry)
  • ECCM Protocol: Baseline survey for agroforestry projects. Berry, 2008.Download
  • Winrock Sourcebook for Land Use, Land-Use Change and Forestry. Download
  • Bibliography for Carbon Sequestration and Biomass Estimation. Download
  • Approved small-scale CDM afforestation/reforestation methodologies: Go to CDM web-page
  • Carbon Modelling tools

  • ECCM Protocol: Estimating tree growth. Berry, 2008. Download
  • ECCM Protocol: Carbon modelling for afforestation and reforestation projects. Berry, 2008. Download
  • CO2FIXCO2Fix
    CO2FIX is a tool which can be used to quantify the carbon stocks and uxes in forest biomass, soil organic matter and the wood products chain. Included are also a bioenergy module, a nancial module and a carbon accounting module. The model is applicable to afforestation projects and agroforestry systems, and this provides a useful tool for Plan Vivo projects. The model is freely available from the web, together with examples and guidance documents.
  • Monitoring performance

  • MacDicken (1997): A Guide to Monitoring Carbon Storage in Forestry and Agroforestry Projects. Download
  • Verplanke, J.J. and E. Zahabu, Eds. 2009: A Field Guide for Assessing and Monitoring Reduced Forest Degradation and Carbon Sequestration by Local Communities. Download
  • Community-led design

    Guidance on involving communities in the design and development of activities, and communicating carbon governance and PES to smallholders and communities.

  • ICRAF Improving carbon initiatives aimed at smallholders: Addressing opportunities and challenges through better communication Download a copy
  • Evans, Kristen et al. (2006) Guide to participatory tools for forest communities Bogor, Indonesia. Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR). Download a copy
  • Lynman et al (2007) A review of tools for incorporating community knowledge, preferences, and values into decision making in natural resources management. Ecology and Society 12(1). Read the document here.
  • Agroforestry

    Selecting Species

  • World Agroforestry Centre Agroforestree Database:
    This database provides detailed information on 670 agroforestry tree species in order to help eld workers and researchers in selecting appropriate species for agroforestry systems and technologies. For each species, the database includes information on identity, ecology and distribution, propagation and management, functional uses, pests and diseases and a bibliography.
  • Find more information on agroforestry systems here
  • Socio-economic and biodiversity impact monitoring

    Landscape Measures:

    More information can be found in this collection of guidance and tools on assessing biodiversity and livelihood outcomes of natural resource management initiatives.