Technical specifications (section G of the PDD) are developed in Plan Vivo projects for each intervention being implemented. They include:
- A methodology for calculating the carbon baseline and quantifying the carbon impact.
- A management system for implementing and maintaining the land-use activity.
- Assessment of leakage, permanence and other risks.
- Monitoring indicators for assessing progress against planned emissions reductions and sequestered carbon, as well as impacts on livelihoods.
- Assessment of likely ecosystem impacts.
- Thus projects are required to develop scientifically rigorous methodologies specifically adapted to local conditions which are then subjected to peer review. Frequently these are based on widely-accepted methods and methodologies utilised in other projects, or approved under other standards (e.g. small scale CDM A/R methodologies, VCS methodologies, IPCC methods).
When technical specifications are submitted to the Foundation for approval, the Technical Advisory Committee is responsible for moderating the peer review process and ultimately approving Technical Specifications. Technical Specifications should be updated at least every 5 years and any material changes documented in the annual report.
For Procedural and General Project Guidance, click here.
Plan Vivo Approved Approaches
Find more guidance on Plan Vivo's approach to Additionality.
Reference Emission Levels
Find Guidance on estimating reference emission levels (relevant to REDD+ and avoided deforestation).
Accounting for Leakage (Guidance Document)
More information on Plan Vivo's Approach to accounting for leakage.
Setting the Risk Buffer (Guidance Document)
More guidance on assessing risk and setting the risk buffer can be found here.
Carbon Modelling tools
CO2FIX is a tool which can be used to quantify the carbon stocks and uxes in forest biomass, soil organic matter and the wood products chain. Included are also a bioenergy module, a nancial module and a carbon accounting module. The model is applicable to afforestation projects and agroforestry systems, and this provides a useful tool for Plan Vivo projects. The model is freely available from the web, together with examples and guidance documents.
Guidance on involving communities in the design and development of activities, and communicating carbon governance and PES to smallholders and communities.
This database provides detailed information on 670 agroforestry tree species in order to help eld workers and researchers in selecting appropriate species for agroforestry systems and technologies. For each species, the database includes information on identity, ecology and distribution, propagation and management, functional uses, pests and diseases and a bibliography.
More information can be found in this collection of guidance and tools on assessing biodiversity and livelihood outcomes of natural resource management initiatives.